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Causes ACL tears may be due to contact or noncontact injuries. A blow to the side of the knee, which can occur during a football tackle, may result in an ACL tear. Coming to a quick stop, combined with a direction change while running, pivoting, landing from a jump, or overextending the knee joint (called hyperextended knee), also can cause injury to the ACL. Basketball, football, soccer, and skiing are common causes of ACL tears.
Those who have only a mild injury may notice that the knee feels unstable or seems to "give way" when using it.
An ACL injury should be treated with:
Anyone with a serious knee injury should seek medical attention for x-rays and evaluation. If the foot is cool and blue after a knee injury, the knee may be dislocated, and blood vessels to the foot may be injured. This is a true medical emergency that requires immediate professional help.
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