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Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive tract. It can affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. Scar tissue grows between internal organs leading to ongoing pelvic pain. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy. This is when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. If left untreated, PID can lead to chronic infection. Also, you may not be able to get pregnant.
Bacteria cause PID. Often the same type of bacteria that causes sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). PID may also develop if bacteria travel through the vagina and the cervix from the use of an intrauterine device (IUD).
Women of any age can get PID. But, those at greater risk of PID from sexually transmitted bacteria include:
These are the most common symptoms of PID.
The symptoms of PID may look like other conditions or health problems. Always talk with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Your healthcare provider will do a medical history and a physical and pelvic exam. Other tests may include:
Your healthcare provider will discuss the best treatment with you based on:
Antibiotic pills are used to treat PID, especially if it’s due to a STD. For severe infection, you may need to stay in the hospital for intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Sometimes, surgery is needed.
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