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Some researchers believe Peyronie disease develops after an injury that causes bleeding inside the penis. This could explain cases of Peyronie that develop quickly. But it does not explain why most cases develop slowly, or what causes the disease after no clear injury.
Most researchers believe that genetics or the environment may play a role. Men with certain connective tissue disorders and men who have a close family member with Peyronie disease are at greater risk. And certain health conditions such as diabetes or tobacco use may also contribute to its development.
If the disease heals within a year or so, the plaque usually does not get worse. But when the disease lasts for years, the plaque often becomes a tough, fibrous tissue, and calcium deposits may form.
The plaque in Peyronie disease is not cancer.
The following are the most common symptoms of Peyronie disease:
Pain, bending, and emotional distress can greatly affect the man’s sex life.
The symptoms of Peyronie disease may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always talk with a healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Your healthcare provider will review your medical and sexual history and do a physical exam, during which the plaque can usually be felt. Other tests may include:
To check how the penis looks during an erection, medication may be injected into the penis to cause an erection in the clinic.
The goal of treatment is to reduce pain and keep you sexually active. There is no cure. Education about the disease and its usual course is often included in the treatment plan. In some cases, treatment is not needed. Peyronie disease often happens in a mild form that heals on its own in 6 to 15 months. Treatment may include:
Please talk with your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding this condition.
Peyronie disease affects each man differently. It can be very frustrating and affect your self-confidence in sexual relationships. It is not uncommon for men with Peyronie disease to have depression or relationship difficulties.
You and your partner should learn as much as you can about the disease
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