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During your menstrual cycle, if an egg is not fertilized, the uterine lining breaks down, and bleeds. The egg and the uterine lining are then shed during your period.
Hormone problems or conditions that affect the uterus can result in heavy bleeding. Other diseases or bleeding disorders can also cause it.
Hormone problems include:
Problems with the uterus include:
Other conditions such as thyroid, kidney or liver disease, cancer or bleeding disorders can also cause heavy bleeding.
If you have to change your pad or tampon every 1 to 2 hours because it is soaked, or bleed longer than 7 days, you should see your doctor. Spotting or bleeding between periods is also a sign of a problem.
The symptoms of menorrhagia may look like other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Your health care provider will ask you about your medical history and about your periods. You will also have a physical exam including a pelvic exam. You may be asked to keep track of your periods and how many pads or tampons you use for a few months if you haven’t already done so.
Other tests include:
Your doctor will consider your age and overall health and your personal preferences when finding the best treatment for you.
Treatment for hormone problems may include:
Treatment for problems with the uterine lining (endometrium) may include:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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