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Cervicitis is an irritation or infection of the cervix. A number of different organisms can cause it. Cervicitis can be acute, meaning symptoms start suddenly and are severe. Or it can be chronic, lasting several months or longer.
Cervicitis may be caused by a number of sexually transmitted infections including:
Cervicitis may also be caused by vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis.
It is often confused with vaginitis.
Each woman’s symptoms may vary. The following are the most common symptoms of cervicitis:
Infections within the vagina are easily passed to the cervix. Then the tissue of the cervix can become inflamed and form an open sore. One early sign of this is a pus-like vaginal discharge.
The symptoms of cervicitis may look like other conditions or health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Along with a complete medical history and physical and pelvic exam, you may also be tested for chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis. Your healthcare provider will also do a vaginal exam to see if you have pelvic inflammatory disease.
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment plan for you based on:
Treatment is aimed at reducing symptoms and preventing spread of infection. Treatment may include:
The organisms that cause cervicitis can move up into the uterus and fallopian tubes if not treated. This can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to infertility and peritonitis, a life-threatening infection. The organisms can also be passed to sexual partners who can develop serious complications.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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