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Hypopituitarism happens when your pituitary gland is not active enough. As a result the gland does not make enough pituitary hormones.
The pituitary is a small gland at the base of your brain. It is one of several glands that make hormones. Hormones are chemicals that send information and instructions from one set of cells to another. The pituitary gland makes many types of hormones. These hormones affect many things, including bone and tissue growth, your thyroid gland, and sexual development and reproduction.
Causes can directly affect the pituitary gland. Or they can indirectly affect the gland through changes in the hypothalamus. This is a part of the brain that is just above the pituitary gland.
Direct causes include:
Indirect causes include:
Symptoms are different for each person. They may happen over time or right away. They depend on which hormones the pituitary gland is not making enough of. These hormone deficiencies, and the symptoms they cause, include:
These symptoms may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history. You will also need an exam. Other tests you may need include:
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on:
Treatment depends on what is causing the condition. The treatment goal is to have the pituitary gland work as it should. Treatment may include:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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