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Diabetes insipidus occurs when your body doesn’t make enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or your kidneys don’t respond to it. ADH helps keep the right amount of water in your body. Normally, ADH controls how much urine your kidneys put out. This keeps you from losing too much water (being dehydrated). If you are a bit dehydrated, ADH should increase.
ADH is made by the hypothalamus, a small gland at the base of the brain. It is stored in the pituitary gland and then sent into the bloodstream as needed.
Diabetes insipidus is not related to the more common type of diabetes (diabetes mellitus).
There are several types of diabetes insipidus:
Common symptoms may include:
These symptoms may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Your provider will take your health history and give you a physical exam. You may also need the following tests:
Your healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on:
Treatment for diabetes insipidus depends on what is causing it:
If you don’t drink enough fluids, you can get dehydrated. You can also have an electrolyte imbalance. This means not having the right balance of minerals in your body.
Dehydration can cause:
Electrolyte imbalance can cause:
It’s important to follow your healthcare provider’s advice on medicines and fluid intake to prevent problems.
If your symptoms get worse or you have new symptoms, call your healthcare provider right away.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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