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The prostate gland is found only in males. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body). The prostate helps make semen.
A biopsy is a procedure used to remove a small piece of tissue or cells from the body so it can be examined under a microscope.
In a prostate biopsy, prostate gland tissue is taken out with a biopsy needle or during surgery. The tissue is checked to see if there are cancer or other abnormal cells in the prostate gland.
A prostate biopsy may be done in several different ways:
Ultrasound may be used to look at the prostate gland and guide the biopsy needle.
A prostate biopsy is done after other tests show that there may be a problem with the prostate gland. It can be used to diagnose prostate cancer and to figure out the cause of an enlarged prostate gland.
There may be other reasons for your healthcare provider to recommend a prostate biopsy.
Some possible complications of a prostate biopsy may include:
You may have other risks, depending on your condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider before the procedure.
Some things you can expect before a prostate biopsy include:
A prostate biopsy is usually done on an outpatient basis. Procedures may vary depending on your condition and your healthcare provider's practices.
Generally, a prostate biopsy follows one of these processes:
Your recovery process will vary depending on the type of anesthesia that is used. If you were given general anesthesia, you will be taken to a recovery room for observation. Once your blood pressure, pulse, and breathing are stable and you are alert, you will be taken to your hospital room or discharged to your home.
If local anesthetic was used, you may go back to your normal activities and diet unless otherwise instructed. You may feel the urge to urinate or have a bowel movement after the biopsy. This feeling should pass after a few hours.
There may be blood in your urine or stool for a few days after the biopsy. This is common. Blood, either red or reddish brown, may also be in your ejaculate for a few weeks after the biopsy. This, too, is normal.
The biopsy site may be tender or sore for several days after the biopsy. Take a pain reliever for soreness as recommended by your healthcare provider. Aspirin or certain other pain medicines may increase the chance of bleeding, so be sure to take only recommended medicines.
Call your healthcare provider if you have any of these:
Your healthcare provider may give you other instruction, depending on your situation.
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