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A child may be more at risk for JAS if he or she has:
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They tend to come and go over time, and can include:
The symptoms of juvenile ankylosing spondylitis can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Because the symptoms are similar to those in other conditions, JAS can be hard to diagnose.
The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about your family’s health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
The diagnosis of JAS can be difficult. Your child's healthcare provider may advise that he or she be seen by a doctor who specializes in joint diseases (rheumatologist).
The goals of treatment for JAS are to:
Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. Treatment may include:
Possible complications of JAS include:
JAS is a long-term (chronic) condition. Some people will have periods of time in which the disease is not active or mild (remission). Others will have more symptoms ongoing.
Early diagnosis and treatment are important in order to lessen or delay complications. Make sure to help your child:
Also make sure your child stops smoking or never starts. Smoking has been linked to having more problems with JAS.
Work with your child's healthcare team to create an ongoing treatment plan that’s best for your child.
Call your child’s healthcare provider if your child has joint and back pain, morning stiffness or other symptoms of JAS.
If your child has JAS, call the healthcare provider if your child has any of these:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your child’s healthcare provider:
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