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At the top of the CDC's list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle.
Living a healthier lifestyle can help to prevent heart disease. This includes the following:
Eliminating all tobacco products
Sticking to a heart-healthy diet
Following an appropriate exercise program
Managing your weight
Eliminate as much stress as possible
Eliminate all tobacco products
All tobacco products are included as risk factors for chronic illness, not just cigarettes. And, although there may be medical uses from derivatives of some social drugs, such as alcohol, there is no therapeutic use for nicotine. As soon as you stop smoking, your body begins to heal itself from the devastating effects of tobacco.
Adhere to a heart-healthy diet
One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following:
To try to eliminate any confusion, the federal government has established a food plate and food labeling laws. The food plate can help you eat a variety of foods while encouraging the right amount of calories and fat.
To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 and to determine the appropriate dietary recommendations for your age, sex, and physical activity level, visit the Online Resources page for the links to the ChooseMyPlate.gov and 2010 Dietary Guidelines sites. Please note that the My Plate plan is designed for people over the age of 2 who do not have chronic health conditions.
Maintaining a heart-healthy, balanced diet will help to:
Manage stroke and heart attack risk factors
Prevent or manage other chronic diseases
Help lose weight and boost energy
Promote overall good health
Follow an appropriate exercise program
One vital step toward reducing your chances of having a heart attack is making the time to exercise. Today, with our fast-paced society, people must schedule time to exercise. Choose an activity that you enjoy doing, then talk with your health care provider about an exercise plan that meets your individual capabilities and needs.
An exercise program will help in the management of almost all stroke and heart attack risk factors. Try to include moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity for at least 40 minutes each day for at least 3 to 4 days per week, above usual activity, at work or home. Regular physical activity will help to promote health, psychological well-being, and a healthy body weight.
Always consult your health care provider regarding your healthy diet and exercise requirements.
Manage your weight
If you are overweight or obese, your health care provider will work with you to lose weight and lower your body mass index (BMI) to a normal or near-normal level. Making diet changes and increasing physical activity can help.
Learn stress management techniques to help you deal with stress in your home and work life.
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