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Protect Your Child from the Flu

The flu (influenza) is caused by a virus that’s easy to spread, especially among kids in school or daycare. A child’s immune system is not as well developed as an adult’s. This means the flu can make children very sick. Also, children in daycare or school are very likely to bring the virus home to other family members.

Flu symptoms

Flu symptoms often come on quickly. Symptoms include:

  • Fever

  • Headache

  • Feeling very tired (fatigue)

  • Dry cough

  • Sore throat

  • Runny nose

  • Muscle aches

Children may also have upset stomach and vomiting. Some symptoms such as fatigue and cough can last many weeks.

Girl at bathroom sink, showing her soapy hands

To protect your child

Here’s how you can help your child stay healthy:

  • Have your child get a flu vaccine every year, as soon as it is available in your area. This is your child’s best chance to avoid the flu. The CDC recommends that infants and children get flu vaccines beginning at age 6 months. A nasal spray made of weakened virus is also available but is not recommended for the 2016-2017 flu season. The CDC says this is because the nasal spray did not seem to protect against the flu over the last several flu seasons. In the past, it was meant for children ages 2 and older.

  • Help your child wash his or her hands often. 

  • Don't let your child drink from the same cup that others have used. And don’t share foods.

  • Teach your children to cough or sneeze into their elbow, sleeve, or a tissue. Teach them to wash their hands afterward.

If your child gets sick

  • Give your child plenty of fluids, such as an electrolyte solution, water, juice, and soup.

  • Make sure your child gets plenty of rest.

  • Keep your child at home to prevent the spread of germs. Do so until at least 24 hours after the fever is gone.

  • Use children’s strength medicine for symptoms. Discuss over-the-counter (OTC) medicines with your child's healthcare provider before using them. Note: Don’t give OTC cough and cold medicines to a child younger than age 6, unless your child's healthcare provider tells you to do so.

  • Don’t give your child aspirin.

  • Don’t give ibuprofen to an infant age 6 months or younger.

  • Ask your child’s provider about antiviral medicine. If taken within the first 2 days of the flu, it can help your child have fewer symptoms and get well sooner.

When to call your child's healthcare provider

Call your child's healthcare provider if your otherwise healthy child has:

  • Fever, as directed by your child’s healthcare provider, or:

    • Your child is younger than 12 weeks and has a fever of 100.4°F (38.0°C) or higher

    • Your child has repeated fevers above 104°F (40°C) at any age

    • Your child is younger than 2 years old and the fever lasts for more than 24 hours

    • Your child is 2 years old or older and the fever lasts for more than 3 days

  • Shortness of breath or fast breathing

  • Worsening symptoms, especially after a period of improvement

  • Bluish-tinged skin

  • Trouble waking up or is not alert

  • Had a seizure caused by the fever

  • Fever with rash

  • Severe or continued vomiting

  • Signs of dehydration. These include decreased urination (diapers not as wet as usual in a baby or toddler), dry mouth, and no tears when crying.

Online Medical Reviewer: Bass, Pat F. III, MD, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer: Lentnek, Arnold, MD
Last Review Date: 1/1/2017
© 2000-2017 The StayWell Company, LLC. 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.