Serving all people by providing personalized health and wellness through exemplary care, education and research.

Health Source Library
Need something? Call us: 1.800.4BAYLOR(1.800.422.9567)
Text Size
Share

Facial Fracture

A facial fracture means you have one or more broken bones in your face. These may be in your jaw, nose, cheeks, or the sockets around your eyes. Car accidents are the most common cause of facial fractures. Fights, falls, and sports injuries can also injure facial bones.

Man in car calling for help on a cell phone.

When to Go to the Emergency Room (ER)

A broken bone in your face is cause for concern. The airway may become clogged with bone fragments, blood clots, or swollen tissue. Go to the ER or call 911 right away if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Pain and swelling in your face

  • Trouble swallowing or breathing

  • An upper and lower jaw that don't meet properly, or pain when you move your jaw

  • A displaced jaw or nose

  • Loose teeth

  • An open wound where you can see the bone

  • Blood or clear fluid from your nose

  • Blurred vision, double vision, or problems moving your eyeball

What to Expect in the ER

You will likely be given medication for pain. A doctor will ask about your injury and examine your head and face. X-rays or other imaging tests may be done. Treatment of facial fractures occurs in two stages:

  • Reduction: The broken bones are put back into place. This is often done after the swelling subsides, but severe fractures may be repaired right away.

  • Fixation: The broken bones are held together so they heal correctly. A fractured jaw is likely to be wired shut for a time and/or stabilized with reconstruction plates. A broken nose is treated with a splint or soft packing. Surgery may be done to repair and secure broken bones around your eyes.

Online Medical Reviewer: Berry, Judith, PhD, APRN
Online Medical Reviewer: newMentor board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Last Review Date: 7/17/2013
© 2000-2015 The StayWell Company, LLC. 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.