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Your health care provider has told you that you have acid reflux. This is a condition that causes stomach acid to wash up into your throat. For most people, acid reflux is troubling but not dangerous. However, left untreated, acid reflux sometimes damages the esophagus. Medications can help control acid reflux and limit your risk of future problems.
Your health care provider may prescribe medication to help treat your acid reflux. Medication will be based on your symptoms and the results of any tests. Your health care provider will explain how to take your medication. You will also be told about possible side effects.
Your doctor may suggest antacids that you can buy over the counter. Antacids can give fast relief. Or you may be told to take a type of medication called H2 blockers. These are available over the counter and by prescription (for higher doses).
In more severe cases, your doctor may suggest stronger medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). These keep the stomach from making acid. They are often prescribed for long-term use.
If medications to reduce or block stomach acid don’t work, you may be switched to another type of medication that helps the stomach empty better.
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