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Call 911 or your emergency number if the person with the concussion will not wake up or has seizures or convulsions.
If you or someone close to you has had a mild concussion (a head injury), watch closely for signs of problems during the first 48 hours after the injury. Follow the doctor’s advice about recovering at home. Use the tips on this handout as a guide.
Ask the doctor before using any medications.
Eat light. Clear liquids such as broth or gelatin are good choices. Don’t drink alcohol.
Rest for several days, then slowly return to normal activities, as directed and approved by your health care provider.
For the first day or two, it may be best not to sleep for long periods of time without being checked for alertness. Follow the doctor’s instructions.
Wake every ____ hours for the next ____ hours. Ask questions to check for alertness.
Okay to sleep through the night.
Note: A person should not be left alone after a concussion. If no adult can stay with the injured person, let the doctor know.
If you notice any of the following, call the doctor or health care provider:
Vomiting (some vomiting is common, but tell the doctor about any vomiting)
Clear or bloody drainage from the nose or ear
Constant drowsiness or difficulty in waking up
Confusion or memory loss
Blurred vision or any vision changes
Inability to walk or talk normally
Increased weakness or problems with coordination
Constant, unrelieved headache that becomes more severe
Changes in behavior or personality
High-pitched crying in infants
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