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Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride Oral tablet

What is this medicine?

CIPROFLOXACIN (sip roe FLOX a sin) is a quinolone antibiotic. It is used to treat certain kinds of bacterial infections. It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Take all of your medicine as directed even if you think your are better. Do not skip doses or stop your medicine early.

You can take this medicine with food or on an empty stomach. It can be taken with a meal that contains dairy or calcium, but do not take it alone with a dairy product, like milk or yogurt or calcium-fortified juice.

A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

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allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

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breathing problems

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confusion, nightmares or hallucinations

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feeling faint or lightheaded, falls

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irregular heartbeat

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joint, muscle or tendon pain or swelling

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pain or trouble passing urine

-persistent headache with or without blurred vision

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redness, blistering, peeling or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth

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seizure

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unusual pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

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diarrhea

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nausea or stomach upset

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white patches or sores in the mouth

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:

  • cisapride

  • droperidol

  • terfenadine

  • tizanidine

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • antacids

  • caffeine

  • cyclosporin

  • didanosine (ddI) buffered tablets or powder

  • medicines for diabetes

  • medicines for inflammation like ibuprofen, naproxen

  • methotrexate

  • multivitamins

  • omeprazole

  • phenytoin

  • probenecid

  • sucralfate

  • theophylline

  • warfarin

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F). Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

-bone problems

-cerebral disease

-joint problems

-irregular heartbeat

-kidney disease

-liver disease

-myasthenia gravis

-seizure disorder

-tendon problems

-an unusual or allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin, other antibiotics or medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

-pregnant or trying to get pregnant

-breast-feeding

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Tell your doctor or health care professional if your symptoms do not improve.

Do not treat diarrhea with over the counter products. Contact your doctor if you have diarrhea that lasts more than 2 days or if it is severe and watery.

You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Keep out of the sun. If you cannot avoid being in the sun, wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Do not use sun lamps or tanning beds/booths.

Avoid antacids, aluminum, calcium, iron, magnesium, and zinc products for 6 hours before and 2 hours after taking a dose of this medicine.

Online Medical Reviewer: Louise Akin, RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: Daphne Pierce-Smith, RN, MSN, FNP, CCRC
Last Review Date: 1/4/2013
© 2000-2014 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.