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BUPROPION (byoo PROE pee on) is used to help people quit smoking.
Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You can take it with or without food. If it upsets your stomach, take it with food. Do not cut, crush or chew this medicine. Take your medicine at regular intervals. If you take this medicine more than once a day, take your second dose at least 8 hours after you take your first dose. To limit difficulty in sleeping, avoid taking this medicine at bedtime. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. If you have been taking this medicine for some time, do not suddenly stop taking it. If your doctor wants you to stop the medicine, the dose will be slowly lowered over time to avoid any side effects.
A special MedGuide will be given to you by the pharmacist with each prescription and refill. Be sure to read this information carefully each time.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
changes in vision
fast or irregular heartbeat
increased blood pressure
redness, blistering, peeling or loosening of the skin, including inside the mouth
suicidal thoughts or other mood changes
unusually weak or tired
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
change in sex drive or performance
loss of appetite
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
medicines called MAO Inhibitors like Nardil, Parnate, Marplan, Eldepryl
other medicines that contain bupropion like Zyban
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
levodopa or combination drugs containing levodopa
medicines or herbal products for weight control or appetite
medicines for mental depression, emotional, or psychotic disturbances
some medicines for heart rhythm or blood pressure
If you miss a dose, skip the missed dose and take your next tablet at the regular time. There should be at least 8 hours between doses. Do not take double or extra doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F). Protect from light. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia
bipolar disorder or psychosis
diabetes or high blood sugar, treated with medication
head injury or brain tumor
heart disease, previous heart attack, or irregular heart beat
high blood pressure
kidney or liver disease
suicidal thoughts or a previous suicide attempt
an unusual or allergic reaction to bupropion, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to become pregnant
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress. You may have to take this medicine for several days before you start to feel better.
Patients and their families should watch out for depression or thoughts of suicide that get worse. Also watch out for sudden or severe changes in feelings such as feeling anxious, agitated, panicky, irritable, hostile, aggressive, impulsive, severely restless, overly excited and hyperactive, or not being able to sleep. If this happens, especially at the beginning of treatment or after a change in dose, call your doctor.
Alcohol may increase dizziness or drowsiness. Avoid alcoholic drinks while taking this medicine. Drinking excessive alcoholic beverages, using sleeping or anxiety medicines, or quickly stopping the use of these agents while taking this medicine may increase your risk for a seizure.
You may get dizzy or have blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells.
Your mouth may get dry. Chewing sugarless gum or sucking hard candy, and drinking plenty of water may help. Contact your doctor if the problem does not go away or is severe.
Do not treat yourself for coughs, colds, or allergies without asking your doctor or health care professional. Also do not take any herbal or non-prescription medicines for weight loss without the advice of your doctor or health care professional. Some ingredients may increase possible side effects.
Do not use nicotine patches or chewing gum without the advice of your doctor or health care professional while taking this medicine. You may need to have your blood pressure taken regularly if your doctor recommends that you use both nicotine and this medicine together.
If you take a urine drug screening test while receiving this medicine, it may make the test result positive for amphetamines. Be sure to tell the person giving you the drug screening test that you are taking this medicine.
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