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Enoxaparin Sodium (Porcine) Solution for injection

What is this medicine?

ENOXAPARIN (ee nox a PA rin) is used after knee, hip, or abdominal surgeries to prevent blood clotting. It is also used to treat existing blood clots in the lungs or in the veins.

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is for injection under the skin. It is usually given by a health-care professional. You or a family member may be trained on how to give the injections. If you are to give yourself injections, make sure you understand how to use the syringe, measure the dose if necessary, and give the injection. To avoid bruising, do not rub the site where this medicine has been injected. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional.

Make sure you receive a puncture-resistant container to dispose of the needles and syringes once you have finished with them. Do not reuse these items. Return the container to your doctor or health care professional for proper disposal.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

  • black, tarry stools

  • breathing problems

  • dark urine

  • feeling faint or lightheaded, falls

  • fever

  • heavy menstrual bleeding

  • unusual bruising or bleeding

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • pain or irritation at the injection site

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:

  • aspirin and aspirin-like medicines

  • heparin

  • mifepristone

  • warfarin

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • cilostazol

  • clopidogrel

  • dipyridamole

  • NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen

  • sulfinpyrazone

  • ticlopidine

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Do not freeze. If your injections have been specially prepared, you may need to store them in the refrigerator. Ask your pharmacist. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • bleeding disorders, hemorrhage, or hemophilia

  • infection of the heart or heart valves

  • kidney or liver disease

  • previous stroke

  • prosthetic heart valve

  • recent surgery or delivery of a baby

  • ulcer in the stomach or intestine, diverticulitis, or other bowel disease

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to enoxaparin, heparin, pork or pork products, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress. Your condition will be monitored carefully while you are receiving this medicine. Contact your doctor or health care professional and seek emergency treatment if you develop increased difficulty in breathing, chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, swelling in the legs or arms, abdominal pain, decreased vision, pain when walking, or pain and warmth of the arms or legs. These can be signs that your condition has gotten worse.

Monitor your skin closely for easy bruising or red spots, which can be signs of bleeding. If you notice easy bruising or minor bleeding from the nose, gums/teeth, in your urine, or stool, contact your doctor or health care professional right away. The dose of your medicine may need to be changed.

If you are going to have surgery, tell your doctor or health care professional that you are taking this medicine.

Try to avoid injury while you are using this medicine. Be careful when brushing or flossing your teeth, shaving, cutting your fingernails or toenails, or when using sharp objects. Report any injuries to your doctor or health care professional.

Online Medical Reviewer: Louise Akin, RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: Daphne Pierce-Smith, RN, MSN, FNP, CCRC
Last Review Date: 6/6/2009
© 2000-2014 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.