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ENOXAPARIN (ee nox a PA rin) is used after knee, hip, or abdominal surgeries to prevent blood clotting. It is also used to treat existing blood clots in the lungs or in the veins.
This medicine is for injection under the skin. It is usually given by a health-care professional. You or a family member may be trained on how to give the injections. If you are to give yourself injections, make sure you understand how to use the syringe, measure the dose if necessary, and give the injection. To avoid bruising, do not rub the site where this medicine has been injected. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional.
Make sure you receive a puncture-resistant container to dispose of the needles and syringes once you have finished with them. Do not reuse these items. Return the container to your doctor or health care professional for proper disposal.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
feeling faint or lightheaded, falls
signs and symptoms of bleeding such as bloody or black, tarry stools; red or dark-brown urine; spitting up blood or brown material that looks like coffee grounds; red spots on the skin; unusual bruising or bleeding from the eye, gums, or nose
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
pain, redness, or irritation at site where injected
aspirin and aspirin-like medicines
certain medicines that treat or prevent blood clots
NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Do not freeze. If your injections have been specially prepared, you may need to store them in the refrigerator. Ask your pharmacist. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
bleeding disorders, hemorrhage, or hemophilia
infection of the heart or heart valves
kidney or liver disease
prosthetic heart valve
recent surgery or delivery of a baby
ulcer in the stomach or intestine, diverticulitis, or other bowel disease
an unusual or allergic reaction to enoxaparin, heparin, pork or pork products, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular checks on your progress. Your condition will be monitored carefully while you are receiving this medicine.
Notify your doctor or health care professional and seek emergency treatment if you develop breathing problems; changes in vision; chest pain; severe, sudden headache; pain, swelling, warmth in the leg; trouble speaking; sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg. These can be signs that your condition has gotten worse.
If you are going to have surgery, tell your doctor or health care professional that you are taking this medicine.
Do not stop taking this medicine without first talking to your doctor. Be sure to refill your prescription before you run out of medicine.
Avoid sports and activities that might cause injury while you are using this medicine. Severe falls or injuries can cause unseen bleeding. Be careful when using sharp tools or knives. Consider using an electric razor. Take special care brushing or flossing your teeth. Report any injuries, bruising, or red spots on the skin to your doctor or health care professional.
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